### Solve for $x \in \mathbb{R}$, $(3+cos x)^2 = 4 - 2 sin^8 x$

Since cos x lies between -1 & 1, the left hand side lies between 4 & 16.

Since sin x lies between -1 & 1 or $sin^8 x$ lies between 0 & 1, the right hand side lies between 2 & 4.

The two sides can become equal only when each one of them is equal to 4.

This happens when cos x of the left hand side is equal to -1 and sin x of the right hand side is equal to 0.

This can only happen when x is an odd multiple of $\pi$.

So, $x=(2n+1)\pi$ where n is any integer.