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### A man starts walking from the point P (-3, 4) ....

A man starts walking from the point P (-3, 4), touches the x-axis at R, and then turns to reach at the point Q (0, 2). The man is walking at a constant speed. If the man reaches the point Q in the minimum time, then $50 [(PR)^2 + (RQ)^2 ]$ is equal to _ _ _ _ .

Solution

For time to be minimum at constant speed, the directions must be symmetric. In other words, the angles made by PR and RQ with the vertical must be the same just like in the law of reflection in optics.

$tan \theta = \frac {MP}{MR} = \frac {NQ}{NR}$

$\Rightarrow \frac {3-r}{4} = \frac {r}{2}$

$\Rightarrow r=1$

So, $R \equiv ( - 1,0)$

Now, $50(PR^2+RQ^2)=50[(4+16)+(1+4)]=1250$

### Sum of the coefficients in the expansion of $(x+y)^n$ ....

If the sum of the coefficients in the expansion of $(x+y)^n$ is 4096, then the greatest coefficient in the expansion is _ _ _ _ . Solution $C_0 + C_1 + C_2 + C_3 + ......................... + C_n =4096$ $\therefore 2^n = 4096 =2^{12}$ $\Rightarrow n = 12$ Greatest coefficient = ${}^{12}{C_6} = 924$